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By Emily Yellin

Once the United States joined World War II, the urge to get married among many young couples proved too compelling to resist. In 1942 alone, 1.8 million weddings took place, up 83 percent from 10 years before. And two-thirds of those brides were marrying men newly enlisted in the military.

Few places epitomized this wartime rush to the altar more than the affectionately named Little Church Around the Corner , on East 29th Street, between Madison and Fifth Avenues in Manhattan, where couples would line up in the Episcopal church’s ivy-covered courtyard, awaiting their turn.

In 1942 and 1943, more than 2,000 weddings were performed at the Church of the Transfiguration, the Little Church’s official name. In 1943, the church’s rector, the Rev. Dr. Randolph Ray, said that three ceremonies in the morning and three in the afternoon represented a “quiet midweek schedule” for him.

Still, the rector tried to apply some prewar standards to the thousands of wartime marriages he sanctioned. In 1944, he even wrote, “Marriage Is a Serious Business,” a book for young couples in which he warned, “The hasty marriage, caused by glamour and excitement rather than by genuine affection, is one of the evil products of war.”

While wartime romance continued to win out, the pomp of the ceremony was rarely the point. Stories abounded throughout the country of small wedding cakes baked with rationed ingredients, and of brides wearing modest, nontraditional dresses, some even made of silk from the parachutes that had saved their grooms in battle.

The few weddings at the Little Church that were notable enough to be written up in The New York Times reflected that shift.

In June 1945, Dr. Ray presided at Theodora Roosevelt’s wedding to an artist. She was the granddaughter of former President Theodore Roosevelt, and a cousin of Eleanor Roosevelt . The Times reported that the couple had “dispensed with attendants” in a ceremony “witnessed only by immediate relatives.” The bride wore “a brown faille suit, and straw hat with brown veiling,” instead of a typical wedding gown.

And in another nod to wartime austerity within this privileged family, “a small reception was given at the home of the bride’s aunt, Mrs. Kermit Roosevelt of 9 Sutton Place,” after the ceremony at the Little Church.

Read “June Weddings Up by 50% At Church Around Corner” (June 30, 1943) Read “Miss T. Roosevelt Is Wed To Artist" (June 9, 1945)
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In 1946, The Times reported on the almost-inevitable sequel to the wartime wedding boom: “ The Whys of War Divorces .”

This early glimpse of service journalism has a gloomy lede: “More than half of America’s 1,500,000 war-wed G.I.s have returned. Already one out of every four of these 800,000 men is entangled in divorce proceedings. Experts are predicting that by 1950, 1,000,000 of these wartime marriages – or two out of three – will end in divorce.”

Oof. Concluding that “the epidemic of G.I. divorces offers the public an insight into the entire divorce problem,” the reporter details the six main causes of marital dissolution – hasty marriages, separation, disillusionment, mésalliances (marriage to a person thought to be unsuitable or of a lower social position), fraternization and economic ills – and talks to experts about how such splits can be avoided.

Keep Reading “The Whys of War Divorces” (Feb. 3, 1946)
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Historically, many of Oregon’s open structured habitats, those dominated by grasses, forbs, and/or shrubs, were maintained by disturbance. Fire, floods, wind, storms, and salt spray have historically played a key role in shaping many of these native habitats. Natural disturbances shape Oregon’s landscapes by resetting plant succession, releasing nutrients, moving materials, creating new habitats, and maintaining native habitats, such as grasslands and savannas.

Altered fire regimes have changed vegetation patterns, affecting wildlife dependent on open landscapes. Fires have become statewide issues in the past century as Oregon’s population has grown, placing homes and communities closer to where these disturbances occur. Fires were suppressed to protect valuable timber and towns. The unintended consequences included increased tree density and fuel load of forests, which contributed to insect outbreaks, other forest health issues, and the risk of uncharacteristically severe fires.

Dams were constructed to protect towns from flooding, produce electricity, and provide irrigation for farms. The unintended consequences include impeded or blocked aquatic passage, as well as changes in hydrologic regimes that resulted in loss of floodplain function, loss of fish spawning and rearing areas, and degraded riparian habitats. These changes have all impacted Oregon’s fish and wildlife populations.

The recommended approach in the Conservation Strategy is to restore or mimic fire and flooding disturbance regimes to benefit fish and wildlife and reduce risks to people.

Fire Suppression and Uncharacteristically Severe Wildfire

For thousands of years, fire has been one of the most important forces shaping Oregon’s landscapes, both forested and un-forested. Whether started by lightning or Native Americans, fire strongly influenced wildlife habitats by altering the structure, composition, and landscape pattern of native vegetation.

To understand the natural role of fire and how it should be managed, researchers have determined the “natural” (historical, pre-1850) fire regimes for many of Oregon’s habitats. Natural fire regimes are classified based on the historical range of fire frequency (e.g., the average number of years between fires) and fire severity prior to European settlement. Human intervention over the last hundred years has altered the historical fire regimes in many of Oregon’s landscapes. This has resulted in a cascade of unintended consequences for ecological health, wildlife populations, and people.

Fire regime condition classes are used to describe the amount of departure from natural (historical) fire regimes and were developed for all natural vegetation types. The following chart contains a simplified description of the fire regime condition classes and associated potential risks.

is a contributor to based in Baltimore.

Read more: Los Angeles Angels, Deck McGuire
Pujols' game-tying hit ties Ortiz for 10th place on all-time doubles list
By Jeff Seidel Special to
Jun. 30th, 2018

BALTIMORE-- The Angels came into Saturday's game against the Orioles with a 2-32 record when trailing after seven innings, but they improved on that statistic.

Albert Pujols tied the game with a double, pinch-hitter Chris Young added a go-ahead fielder's choice and David Fletcher delivered a two-run single as the Angels scored five runs in the eighth inning to pull out a 6-2 victory at Oriole Park.

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The Angels had missed on some scoring chances earlier, not being able to come through with hits when needed. Still, everything changed in the eighth, when they turned a 2-1 deficit into a 6-2 lead.

"We had some big hits there; I think the biggest hit in the inning was Albert," manager Mike Scioscia said. "It was good clutch hitting in that inning. I think we had opportunities during the game that could have came back to haunt us, but we had a good eighth inning and got the lead."

Video: LAA@BAL: Fletcher on hitting, defensive adjustments

The Angels' first run came on Andrelton Simmons ' fourth-inning single, and they trailed for the first seven innings before things turned around in the eighth against Orioles reliever Mychal Givens (0-6) and, later, Tanner Scott .

Mike Trout and Justin Upton drew back-to-back one-out walks before Pujols sent a drive to the right-center-field wall for an RBI double. Scott replaced Givens, who induced the run-scoring fielder's choice from Young before hitting Martin Maldonado with the bases loaded to give Los Angeles a 4-2 lead.

Video: LAA@BAL: Maldonado adds a run with a hit-by-pitch

Fletcher followed with his two-run single to center. Justin Anderson (2-2) got the win in relief.

"Whenever you can grind out runs late in the game to come back and win, it's exciting," Fletcher said. " It's definitely something to give us confidence, coming back late in the game like that."

Los Angeles starter Tyler Skaggs allowed three straight singles to start the game and conceded two runs (one earned) in the first inning, but he didn't allow another run through five good innings, and he left trailing, 2-1, after throwing 79 pitches and allowing four hits with six strikeouts.

Video: LAA@BAL: Skaggs K's Wilkerson to escape a jam

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